How To Paint The Exterior Of A Home
Painting Rich Smith walks you through the steps of painting the exterior of a house, from prep work through the finishing touches.
Few features of your house to create an immediate visual effect like the exterior paint job. Superbly implemented paint communicates your pride in your home and helps define its character.
Step 1: Prep Your Surface
You could be tempted to get right to the painting, but diligent prep work is crucial to some professional-looking finish. Ninety-five percentage of majestic painting is having a fantastic surface.
Before painting a new home with a stucco exterior, allow the stucco cure for at least 28 days. Paint won’t adhere properly to uncured stucco and might appear chalky or dusty. Maintain the stucco moist by spraying it with a hose. When it’s washed daily, it may heal in a week to ten days.
If you’re repainting an existing house, inspect the exterior walls and trim for chipping, peeling, mildew and other imperfections. Kill mold off by applying a chlorine bleach solution with a garden sprayer. Then pressure-clean the whole outside to remove dirt and old paint that has come loose.
Step 2: Caulk and Patch
Before you get a paint roller, then grab a tube of caulk. It’s crucial to seal any cracks, in addition to the joints where one kind of outside material meets another. Including: window frames, door frames, molding and fascia boards.
Whether an older stucco surface has pits or chips, patch them with fresh stucco and allow the time to heal. Replace wood siding or fascia boards that show signs of rotting. Gently sand wood doors and trim to make sure an ideal surface for painting.
Step 3: Take Time to Prime
To get the most from your paint job, prime with an excellent sealer. Sealer has a high resin content that goes over old paint, locks everything set up and makes a fantastic surface for the paint to adhere to. If you’re repainting walls which have become chalky or dusty, then pick a chalky wall sealer. Paint won’t adhere to a dusty surface.
In terms of new construction, latex primer works well for vinyl and many wood siding. If you are working with stucco that’s not fully healed, you can employ a sexy stucco primer. This sidesteps the waiting period, allowing the surface to take paint whenever the primer dries. It is best, however, to allow stucco cure for the recommended time frame if possible.
Check the tag on your primer or sealer to ascertain how long to wait before beginning painting.
Step 4: Pick Quality Exterior Paint
A fantastic exterior paint is 100 percent acrylic latex. The formulation consists of three main elements:
- Pigments, which provide the color.
- Binders, which hold the pigment into the wall.
- Solvents, which make the paint spreadable. Nowadays, most exterior paints are water-based.
As paint dries, the solvent evaporates, leaving behind just the pigments and binders. These are referred to as volume solids. Higher quality paints are usually higher in volume solids. They might also have greater binders, which will hold the pigments in place more. This improves durability.
To ascertain the proportion of volume solids at a new paint, check the manufacturer’s website or ask your regional supplier for a Technical Data Sheet. Generally speaking, paints labeled “premium” or “super-premium” will be greater in volume solids compared to budget brands.
Step 5: Select Colors With Curb Appeal
When it comes to color selection, there are a lot of options that the choice can be overwhelming. If you’re not certain where to begin, spend some time driving around your area to see what appeals to you. Bear in mind that vibrant colours will fade sooner than more muted ones.
Make certain to take into account the stylistic elements of your house — select a shade that matches your roof material and any stone or brick accents. If you are having trouble deciding between two colors, paint sample swaths on a part of your home’s exterior. Have a look at the result during different times of day to determine which one you like best.
Before getting your heart set on a specific color, check with your neighborhood association and the local building department to be certain there are no limitations on paint colors locally.
Step 6: Spray and Roll
The perfect way to paint exterior walls is known as spraying and back-rolling. This procedure requires two people. One utilizes a sprayer to rapidly and evenly spread paint throughout the surface. Another individual follows , running a roller over the paint which has just been sprayed . This provides an even finish, especially on textured surfaces such as stucco.
To secure your windows, cover them with plastic before beginning spraying, or use a sprayer using a shield.
If your budget permits, apply another coat after the drying time. Muted colors insure better than bright ones. For vibrant colors, you might require another coat merely to get the complete color.
“Two coats are always going to give you a much better outcome,” Dan adds. “It evens out everything to place a better shell on your residence. You will get more life out of the paint job with another coat.”
Step 7: Finishing Touches
The final step is to paint the doors, fascia, molding, shutters and other decorative details. The best tools here are a steady hand and a fantastic brush. You may save a little time with a 6-inch “hot dog” pliers to get the paint quicker, especially along the length of the fascia. However, there are no short cuts to a professional end — you need to spend the time to get the best results.
Based upon your climate, a brilliant paint job using top-of-the-line materials can hold up for as long as 10 years.
Tips on Exterior home painting
A primer can help paint adhere to the surface, providing a more uniform look. Use a primer when painting over new wood, bare wood or repainting over present bright or dark colors. See our Primer Purchasing Guide for more tips.
- Paint the siding . Start at the top, painting as you work your way down. Use a scaffold if possible, or move the ladder frequently. Over-reaching on a ladder is harmful; and the paint program will be irregular if you can’t find the lap marks nicely.
- Paint the windows and trim next. Don’t shut the windows completely after painting to avoid sticking. Leave a rather small strip of paint around the edges of the windowpanes to seal out the weather.
- Paint the base last.
Sunlight and UV radiation. Sunlight and moisture may cause chalking and tint loss. Nevertheless, latex paint will withstand the effects of direct sunlight better than oil-based or alkyd paints.
Water and moisture. Wood expands and contracts due to changing moisture levels and can lead to paint to flake and crack under this stress. Permeable or breathable latex paint allows water to vaporize and escape before damage can occur. Moisture can lead to blistering, which results in mildew growth. Paint additives prevent mold from forming but won’t kill present mildew.
Change in temperature. Superior adhesion and flexibility in paint helps prevent flaking and breakage due to the expanding and/or contracting of the substrate (wood, plywood, or hardboard). Best quality acrylic latex paint is an exceptional option for areas with freeze/thaw cycles.
Aluminum and vinyl siding pose particular challenges when painted. Aluminum siding often suffers from excessive chalking and may contain imperfections and scratches. Pressure wash or hand-scrub to remove chalk and rinse afterwards.
Satin or low luster paint is your ideal option for aluminum siding because it hides dents and leaves the imperfections less noticeable. A spray application provides the best appearance. Vinyl siding has the same issues with one additional limit. Vinyl siding has a propensity to buckle or warp irreversibly from hot, direct sunlight. Darker colors will absorb more heat, so choose a paint color no darker than the original color of the vinyl.
Paint Storage and Disposal
- Clean paint from the rim of the can. Seal container lids tight by tapping with a hammer and a block of wood.
- Store solvent-based paint cans upside down to prevent a skin from forming.
- Avoid extreme heat or cold.
- Disposal methods vary by neighborhood. Check your community environmental, health, and safety laws.
- Always follow label directions for additional storage information.
Call Painting Rich Smith and we are more than happy to provide the best exterior home painting services for you. You may also contact us for a free estimate.
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